Potsdam Conference (July 17–August 2, 1945), World War II Allied conference held at Potsdam, a suburb of Berlin. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Winston Churchill, Harry Truman, and Joseph Stalin during the Potsdam Conference. Harry S. Truman (centre) shaking hands with British Prime Minister Winston Churchill (left) and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin on the opening day of the Potsdam Conference. The US President, Franklin D Roosevelt, had died and been replaced by his Vice-President, Harry S Truman. The Potsdam Conference was the last meeting of the ‘Big Three’ Allied leaders during the Second World War. This remained a source of disagreement, with the Western Allies worried that they were repeating the mistakes of the Treaty of Versailles after World War One. Europe – what was happening where East met West? Omissions? The Potsdam Conference held between 17th July and 2nd August 1945 was attended by the heads of state of the UK, the US, France and the USSR. It was during this conference that major differences between the Soviet and other western nations emerged. Updates? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In fact the Red Army was in control of Poland and the USSR was in the process of setting up a communist government.

Look at the picture and the new set of leaders present. Also, the US and the Russians grew suspicious of one another. While in Potsdam, Truman told Stalin about the United States’ “new weapon” (the atomic bomb) that it intended to use against Japan. Little was accomplished, and there would not be another meeting between Soviet and American heads of state for…, …was to be consummated at Potsdam, the last meeting among the Big Three. Furthermore, immediately after the Germans surrendered, the US ended the Lend Lease pact that she had with Russia. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The last inter-Allied conference of World War II, code-named “Terminal,” was held at the suburb of Potsdam, outside ruined Berlin, from July 17 to August 2, 1945. Earlier, all the other conferences held between these nations were attended by President Roosevelt. The tension between the Soviet and western countries came to a head after the conference. Hence, the Russians were taken unawares when the US dropped two atomic bombs on Japan. The first detonation of a nuclear weapon conducted as part of the Manhattan Project. The chief concerns of the Big Three, their foreign ministers, and their staffs were the immediate administration of defeated Germany, the demarcation of the boundaries of Poland, the occupation of Austria, the definition of the Soviet Union’s role in eastern Europe, the determination of reparations, and the further prosecution of the war against Japan. This was Trumans first Big Three meeting. Just before the Conference began, on 16 July 1945, the USA had successfully exploded an atomic bomb at their test site in the New Mexico desert. Potsdam Conference, (July 17–August 2, 1945), Allied conference of World War II held at Potsdam, a suburb of Berlin.

Truman and his group adhered to a hard line when it came to dealing with the Soviet Union. When first told about the success of the experiment, Truman is said to have remarked: if it works... I’ll sure have a hammer on those boys.

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