Adults are uniformly reddish-brown to almost black with a grayish or greenish cast on the lower sides. 2006. Northern Water Snakes are ovoviviparous meaning the females retain their eggs in the oviduct during the development of the young. Unique among water snakes in that it flees onto land instead of diving underwater when approached. Females give live birth to relatively large litters (2-55) during the summer. Midland subspecies has a yellow belly distinctly marked with 2 rows of half moons, while the half moon markings in the Common subspecies are broken up or not clear. Thus, young are born “live” and completely developed. Hog-nosed Snakes. Wildlife officials often recommend that boaters avoid drifting under low hanging branches (their favorite basking places) in order to decrease the possibility that the snakes drop in for a ride. Young individuals have more distinct dorsal markings.

Young individuals are boldly patterned with complete dark crossbands just behind head transitioning into an alternating back and side blotches. You can expect to…

They can be found in a variety of aquatic habitats, but usually in oxbow lakes, rivers, cypress swamps, marshes, and sloughs. Northern Water Snake. Houghton Mifflin Company, New York.

Thus, young are born “live”. Milksnake. Breeding information: Males begin locating, through chemical attraction, and mating with females during the spring. What does the Mississippi Green Watersnake look like? Plain-bellied Water Snakes are ovoviviparous, meaning the females retain their eggs in the oviduct during the development of the young. The two subspecies interbreed where their ranges intersect.

The remainder of this article highlights some of the most common Tennessee snakes, again with names such as ratsnakes, milksnakes, gartersnakes and watersnakes, that are familiar to all. The Copper-bellied Water Snake is found in the lower Cumberland River and Tennessee River watersheds of Middle Tennessee. Second, they, like other rat snakes are very good climbers. © 1999 - 2020 - All Rights Reserved, Interesting Facts About Northern Water Snakes. Courtship and breeding occur in the spring. The top picture shows a copperhead snake. Northern Water Snakes eat non-game fish; also amphibians and other small aquatic animals. They are highly variable in color and their body may be grayish to brown (almost black in older specimens) with dark brown to reddish-brown crossbands on the front third of the body becoming broken into 3 rows of alternating blotches. Subspecies Occurring in Tennessee: Two sub-species occur in Tennessee, the Northern watersnake (Nerodia sipedon sipedon) and the Midland watersnake (Nerodia sipedon pleuralis) Distribution of the Common Watersnake in Tennessee Map by Susan Marden, TWRA, GIS Lab Prairie Kingsnakes spill over into Tennessee from their Midwest home range. However, among the species listed in this article, there are 2 that require special consideration: a) the Mississippi Green Water Snake is listed as “In Need of Management” by TWRA, and is considered extremely rare and critically imperiled by the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation. The dual color body, dark on the top and a bright shade of orange or yellow on the bottom serve as the best field identification clues. Black Racers (Coluber constrictor) live all over the state, and can even be found in residential areas. What Predators Does The Mississippi Green Water Snake Have? While ring-neck snake bites are rare, touching them is not recommended. What does the Mississippi Green Watersnake look like? They are long, thin snakes with a black body, and as the picture highlights, white chins. Yellow-bellied Water Snakes are found in south-central and southwestern Tennessee. The shorter and thicker body of the Water Moccasin can normally be used as field identification clues to distinguish between them. The half-moon markings in the Common subspecies are broken up or not clear. Common Watersnake has more than 30 crossbands and light spaces are less than 2 ½ scale rows wide. B., Camp C. D., Gibbons, W., and Elliot, M. J. Tennessee Water snakes are non-venomous, carnivorous and ovoviviparous snakes that, true to their name, like to spend time in or around water, even if they also venture on land and eventually climb trees. Both can be found in calm bodies of water such as lakes, cypress swamps, wetlands, ponds, river sloughs, and slow-moving rivers. Two subspecies are found in the state: Midland Watersnake (N. s. pleuralis), which occurs in the western two-thirds of Tennessee, and Common Watersnake (N. s. sipedon), which occurs in northeastern Tennessee. Thus, young are born “live”. Their belly is dark gray covered with pale yellow half-moons.

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